21st Conference of parties (COP21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC)

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21st Conference of parties (COP21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC)

Post  Sirop14 on Wed Dec 02, 2015 7:25 am

21st Conference of parties (COP21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC)

01-December-2015
Seychelles emphasises its stance

The UNFCCC COP21 conference taking place in Paris is perhaps our generation’s last opportunity to meaningfully address climate change. Already, Seychelles and other small island developing states (Sids) are being adversely impacted by climate-related extreme weather events. This year alone, deadly typhoons and cyclones in the Pacific, hurricanes in the Caribbean, record tide and floods in the Indian Ocean, and other life-altering changes have struck the shores of Seychelles and other Sids. While slower onset events like sea level rise and ocean acidification continue to assault our small states culminating in marked outbreaks of an algal bloom, climate change in all its forms is a new, harsh, reality for us and it is getting worse.

To achieve the objectives of the Convention and protect the interests of Seychelles and other Sids, Seychelles feels that the Paris agreement must contain the following elements:

For Seychelles and other Sids, the Paris Agreement must be a balanced package that includes meaningful outcomes on all of the pillars of the mandate from Durban. They are mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology development and transfer, transparency of action and support, and capacity-building – as well as loss and damage as a separate and distinct issue. In particular, Seychelles wants to emphasise the following priorities:

Firstly, with respect to mitigation, Seychelles and other Sids are very concerned that the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) brought forward this year have the world heading for about 3 degrees of warming. This would spell disaster for many small island states and other vulnerable countries. It is therefore critical that the Paris Agreement establishes medium and long-term emission reduction pathways that are capable of delivering a limitation of temperature increases consistent with Seychelles long-term temperature goal of “well below 1.5 degrees”, along with an indicative pathway for achieving it, including urgent peaking and deep mid-century emissions reductions.

Secondly, Seychelles wants to see in the agreement an increasingly ambitious mitigation performance over time from all parties through internationally legally binding, quantified mitigation commitments that increase global ambition over successive commitment cycles and as part of a robust process that takes into account the most recent science and technological opportunities.

Seychelles asked that the developed countries must continue to take the lead, and developing countries, especially the most vulnerable, will need support to make this happen.

Thirdly, the Paris agreement must explicitly recognise the special needs and circumstances of Sids, in order to ensure Seychelles’ and other Sids’ protection.

Fourthly, to address extreme weather events, sea level rise, ocean acidification and other severe impacts, an international mechanism on Loss and Damage must be a central and distinct element of the Paris package and lead to meaningful action. Climate change is already happening and it will only get worse in the years to come. Some impacts cannot be addressed through adaptation at all, given its inherent limits.

Lastly, tackling climate change and adapting to its impacts will require significantly scaled-up, new, additional and predictable financial resources, starting from the minimum of $100 billion USD per year by 2020. This should include special provisions to enhance access by Sids, especially to public, grant-based support for adaptation, given the particular challenges and the attendant existential threat that climate change poses to our countries. For Seychelles and other Sids, finance is critical to effective implementation, and in light of our capacity constraints, simplified access is essential.

Seychelles feels that there is an unparalleled chance here in Paris to finally set the world on a sustainable path, but success is by no means guaranteed. It will require the whole of the international community to be constantly mindful of what is at stake: nothing short of the survival of Seychelles and the most vulnerable among other Sids.

COP21 must be a turning point – our generation’s last best opportunity to meet the climate change challenge and accelerate the urgent transition to resilient, low-carbon societies. It is imperative that the international community do what is necessary, not just what is politically expedient.

So today, the world is united in Paris by a shared understanding that we have to cooperate as an international community in order to solve our generation’s biggest challenges. Addressing climate change demands concerted action for many years to come. Seychelles and other Sids firmly believe this effort must start now in Paris.

Contributed

Seychelles Nation

COP21. Laurent Fabius, chef d'orchestre à la recherche de l'harmonie

http://www.ouest-france.fr/environnement/cop21/cop21-quel-est-le-role-de-laurent-fabius-president-de-la-conference-3881916


Comment -For the past 25 year have been writing that global economic, political and social program have important impacts on Climate change - citing some of the research undertaken in Vienna and other Universities. We want to refer to vice President Al Gore prior to his election he was not active or involved in the climate change agenda in the USA and the world - when he came into contact with that SIROP program as Vice President of the USA, the views and arguments he began to develop and there after. We share it with him that at the time of conception that SIROP program we had raised the challenges of climate change important associated. What the world refuse to acknowledge that Program was not written in the Indian Ocean but Europe and the vast information resource, libraries and academic with varied understanding and approaches. The world and those politicians of the world have gone on to adopt a racist attitude because that program was written for the Indian Ocean and Africa - the habit of dictating scientific , intellectual and other vast world complex thematic - we stressed that it had been concept ed by a group of individual with very important French decent, blood and heritage - their French counterpart safe they live in the Indian ocean and at the time of writing that program in USA, Europe, Australia and South Africa and Canada. Among the important reason we had wanted a UN, EU review of that Program was the Climate change impact component. How the UN and EU have a very different approach , benchmark and scientific collaboration with the Indian ocean and Africa compared to Europe, Canada, USA or Australia. For example in Seychelles and Mauritius you have a few individuals who either have studied the science or have observed - their respective position nobody else have the rights to question an debate with them they are God and know all. Leading to those who have managed that program for the past 215 year refusal to collaborate with them in the many instance of disasters and events and incidents. Because they have only their perception and pre concluded arguments or that which have been handed to them. All those calling-requesting for a rebuilding, of that program since it is two third complete, new science, knowledge and information to reintegrate it in that program and its management. Given the significant importance of that Program and the Vatican knew a great deal beside the Illuminati - the refusal of those gathered in Paris to take on board many core and fundamental mechanism linked associated and driving forces of that program which impacts climate changes, demonstrate and show the very big challenges and problematic of world collaboration on this very very important topic. Meanwhile the many NGO who is not participating at the Paris global climate conference their views and how they work - the corrupted and dreadful media benchmark

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Quand les artistes Seychellois s’emparent du réchauffement climatique…

Post  Sirop14 on Wed Dec 09, 2015 2:54 pm

Quand les artistes Seychellois s’emparent du réchauffement climatique…

09-December-2015



L’Alliance française a ouvert, le mardi 1er décembre, les portes d’un espace d’exposition hors du commun. Les murs se sont parés, pour 18 jours, de peintures d’artistes seychellois et étrangers qui vous interpellent dès le premier regard.
Comment en savoir plus sur le changement climatique au travers de tableaux aux couleurs atypiques ?
Cette exposition se déroule jusqu’au 18 décembre 2015 à l’Alliance française. Elle est intitulé ‘Art et Changement Climatique’.
Celle-ci est composée d’œuvres, d’artistes seychellois, spécialement conçues à l’occasion de la COP21. L’ONG locale ‘Sustainability for Seychelles’ a organisé cet événement. Elle bénéficie du soutien, pour cette action, de l’Union Européenne, de l’alliance mondiale contre le changement climatique et du gouvernement des Seychelles.
Les artistes seychellois suscitent notre imagination. Ils nous amènent dans un monde où nous prenons, encore plus, conscience du changement climatique. La réalité est présente, c’est une problématique majeure pour les Seychelles.
« La fondation Alliance française et l’Alliance Française des Seychelles s’engagent à leur niveau respectif pour participer à cet effort collectif pour endiguer les changements climatiques liés à l’activité humaine », a fait remarquer le Directeur de l’Alliance française des Seychelles, Laurent Jalicous.
Il a aussi indiqué que l’art peut nous guider pour voir le monde différemment.
« L’art peut nous éclairer sur nos comportements, nous présenter une image, un récit de nous-mêmes ; nous ouvrir à cette prise de conscience, cette conviction profonde et indispensable que le nouveau paysage qui s’offre à notre perception est véritablement différent et exige de notre part des comportements inédits », a-t-il ajouté.
Plus personne n’ignore la problématique du changement climatique. Beaucoup d’entre nous peuvent en percevoir les effets. Canicule en été, hiver sans neige, dérèglement du climat, inondations dans un coin de l’Europe, tandis qu’un autre subit de terribles sécheresses, le changement climatique se manifeste sous des formes diverses.
Au-delà du climat, ses conséquences sont bien plus complexes. Le réchauffement de l’eau et la fonte des glaces font monter le niveau des mers, ce qui met en péril de nombreux archipels et terres basses, dont les Seychelles.
Pour trouver des solutions face à ces dérèglements climatiques, La France a accueilli, plus de 40 000 participants de 196 pays, signataires de la Convention Cadre des Nations Unies sur le changement climatique, pour la 21ème conférence (COP 21), du 30 novembre au 11 décembre 2015, pour lutter contre le réchauffement de la planète.
Rendez-vous à l’Alliance française pour partager un point de vue artistique sur un sujet de préoccupation mondiale.

http://www.nation.sc/article.html?id=247769

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Climate Summit - Seychelles leads the way in Paris

Post  Sirop14 on Thu Dec 10, 2015 11:19 am

Climate Summit - Seychelles leads the way in Paris

10-December-2015


The government of Seychelles and creditors from the Paris Club and the South African government announced on Monday the closing of the first ever debt restructuring for climate adaptation.
This announcement was made at a side event which took place on Monday within the compound of UNFCCC COP 21. Seychelles is the first country to close on new, replicable financial model using private capital.
Speaking at the event from Seychelles were Minister Didier Dogley and Ambassador Ronny Jumeau.  Minister Dogley expressed Seychelles’ pride at being the first country to create a real tangible financing mechanism to fund adaptation to climate change, the conservation of natural coastal and marine resources and the Blue Economy.
The agreement brings together public and private financial support, including the use of innovative impact capital, to increase the resilience of island nations most susceptible to the impacts of climate change.
As erosion, storms and floods increase, the health of island communities, such as those in Seychelles are critically impacted and threatens their ability to sustain livelihoods. This new debt restructuring will fund nature-based solutions to climate change and is the latest in the array of innovations emerging from islands to build resilience.
The deal is supported by The Nature Conservancy and was negotiated in the Paris Club with support from the French government. All benefits supported by the debt restructuring will support adaptation to climate change through improved management of coasts, coral reefs, and mangroves. The financing will promote implementation of a Marine Spatial Plan for the entire Seychelles Exclusive Economic Zone, a territory approximately 3,000 times the size of their land mass.
“This landmark debt for adaptation deal with our Paris Club creditors is a major step forward for our nation, said President James Michel of Seychelles in a video shown at the event.
“This deal simultaneously contributes to our climate adaptation and marine conservation activities as well as improving the economic health of Seychelles.”
“This debt swap will have a big impact on climate adaptation and marine conservation in Seychelles," said Mark R. Tercek, president and chief executive of The Nature Conservancy.
"This innovative financing strategy, which could be replicated in island nations across the globe, provides an opportunity to protect island economies and help these nations become more resilient to the impacts of climate change."
This deal represents the first time where both a debtor (Seychelles) and creditor (South Africa) are developing countries. Paris Club creditors in this deal include France, Italy, Belgium, and the United Kingdom.
At its most basic, this debt restructuring converts a portion of Seychelles’ debt to other countries into more manageable debt held by a local entity; this is accomplished by refinancing it with a mix of impact investment and grants.
A number of other small island developing states are now competing to be the second country to replicate the Seychelles debt swap initiative. At the event Jamaica, Palau, Marshal Islands and Grenada announced that they are also in the process of developing their own debt swap initiative.
The event was attended by other members of the Seychelles delegation namely Ambassador Bernard Shamlaye, Dr Nirmal Shah, Catherina Bonnelame, Sharon Gerry and George Uzice

http://www.nation.sc/article.html?id=247795

Comment - The Seychelles government as usual using that Climate Change conference for their political scoring - in France they,  the world they go along with the super charade - We have written time and time gain the major impact on climate change that SIROP program made - none/nobody involved are there today and that Program is still running - then everybody get upset when we talk of Judge E J Stiven manure and the Kent Farmers Manure or Mr Tino Nageon rotten cinnamon leaves - The intellectual and scientific arguments do not match. Everybody should just go along with it/accept it. Just a small example of the situation in England - we have been involved in British environmental weather issues


for the past 30 years - what they attribute the strange phenomena  - some of the mega storms and yet the so call scientist - the recent incident of that waterfall the biggest in Britain coming alive after the rain - why and the other motives/reasons., In France, the Continent - as far as Russia, China, Australia, south America and USA - In Africa, those nations bordering the Indian Ocean the phenomena, the millions not participating their knowledge and views. In Mauritius and Reunion those political entities who think they can wind up others and when this impacts their weather and climate working what they say and write - safe the inhabitant have to pay and suffer.  In Sechelles Seychelles those who comport as if they are God - those who go to church and pray what ensues, boulders start tumbling down and landslide starts - then what he media garbage and the politicians pews out. Their TV and all the rest.

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La COP 21 et les Seychelles : Interview avec le ministre de l’environnement, de l’énergie et du changement climatique, Didier Dogley

Post  Sirop14 on Thu Dec 17, 2015 6:00 pm

La COP 21 et les Seychelles : Interview avec le ministre de l’environnement, de l’énergie et du changement climatique, Didier Dogley

17-December-2015
« Nous allons faire des efforts pour rester chez nous »

Partage avec le ministre de l’environnement, de l’énergie et du changement climatique, Didier Dogley, après sa participation à la COP 21, aussi appelée conférence Paris Climat 2015.

C’était un rendez-vous très attendu pour faire évoluer les politiques internationales sur le changement climatique.

A l'unanimité, un accord historique sur le climat de Paris a été adopté par les 195 États participant à la COP 21. Ce traité contraignant a pour but de limiter le réchauffement climatique à moins de 2°C.

Le ministre Dogley a répondu, mardi, aux questions des journalistes dans la salle de conférence de son ministère.

Journaliste : Qu’est-ce qui a été important pour les Seychelles par rapport à la COP 21 ?

Ministre Dogley : La COP 21 était une conférence mondiale sur les changements climatiques. Cela s’est tenue il y a deux semaines à Paris. Ce fût une conférence historique. Les Seychelles sont concernées, car nous faisons partie d’un groupe de petites îles fortement affecté par les changements climatiques. Par rapport aux émissions de gaz à effets de serre dans l’atmosphère, les Seychelles sont impactées. Il y a des changements au niveau de la mer, par exemple l’érosion de la côte entre 2013 et 2015, le mauvais temps et sa fréquence qui a changé. Pour certains petits pays, c’est une question d’existence même. Ils s’interrogent sur comment continuer à exister ?

Journaliste : En quoi cette conférence est-elle historique ?

Ministre Dogley : Pour les Seychelles, la préoccupation majeure est la réduction des gaz à effets de serre. Ce sont les pays riches qui se sont développés en premier, et la responsabilité leur revient de réduire l’émission de carbone. La vitesse à laquelle se fera cette réduction impactera le changement climatique. Les climatologues préconisent de limiter la hausse des températures à 1,5 °C. Lors de cet accord de Paris, il n’a pas été possible de maintenir ce degré d’exigence. Il a été convenu de rester en dessous des 2°C, mais en continuant à travailler pour atteindre les 1,5°C.

Pour les Seychelles et les petits pays vulnérables, c’est avant tout une question d’adaptation. Les Seychelles doivent faire face au mauvais temps, à la montée des eaux, aux éboulis…etc. Nous avons déjà dépensé plus de 20 millions de roupies pour les problèmes d’inondations à La Digue, à Anse aux Pins, à Praslin et à Au Cap, par exemple.

Le « fonds vert » de 100 millions d’euros est prévu justement pour aider les petits pays à faire face aux difficultés pour continuer d’exister. En 2020, le fonds d’adaptation devra continuer à être ajusté pour atteindre un niveau acceptable. Il y aussi le fonds d’entraide et d’assurance pour les pertes et dommages éventuels, sans compensation. Cet argent est disponible et peut être affecté en fonction des situations extrêmes de changement climatique. Les détails restent à affiner.

Les pays riches, en tout état de cause, devront financer le renforcement des capacités des pays du sud. Les petits pays devront être formés et en mesure d’évaluer et de planifier l’utilisation des ressources énergétiques. Les débats ont été longs, car il était question de prise de responsabilité par rapport aux changements climatiques. Les pays industriels ont commencé. Ils se sont développés et ont produit en premier. Alors, ils doivent venir en support aux pays encore peu développés. Le rapport « Intended Nationally Determined Contributions » remis pour les Seychelles prévoit un plan de 300 millions de dollars d’ici à 2030 pour réduire au maximum les effets du changement climatique. Il va falloir trouver comment mobiliser ses fonds.

Journaliste : Y a-t-il eu des rapprochements avec d’autres pays, au cas où les Seychelles seraient menacés et auraient des refugiés climatiques ?

Ministre Dogley : Nous ne sommes pas intéressés pour aller vivre dans un autre pays. Nous allons faire des efforts pour rester chez nous. Le jour où les petites îles disparaîtront, les grandes villes du monde entier seront d’autant plus menacées. L’ouragan Katrina, en 2005, a été l’un des plus puissants de l’histoire des Etats-Unis. Après son passage, La Nouvelle-Orléans et toute la Louisiane étaient dans la désolation la plus totale. Alors, non, il n’y pas eu de rapprochements avec de grands pays, hormis le groupement Small Island Developing States (SIDS) que nous formons déjà avec les 38 autres petits pays vulnérables face aux changements climatiques. D’ailleurs, en date du 10 décembre 2015, à la COP 21 à Paris, Les Seychelles ont été élus au comité exécutif du SIDS DOCK. Ce dernier permet de lever des fonds pour financer les énergies renouvelables des petits États insulaires en développement. C’est une vraie stratégie d’adaptation face aux changements climatiques dans le cadre du développement durable. Nous travaillons dans ce sens depuis longtemps et nous n’attendons pas ces grandes conférences pour avancer.


http://www.nation.sc/article.html?id=247865

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